Multiple regression and causality

Multiple linear regression does not, by default, tell us anything about causality. But with the right data and careful interpretation we might be able to learn some causal relationships.

Joshua Loftus

Multiple regression

Regression, when conditioning on more than one predictor variable.

Rerum cognoscere causas


Fortunate, who can know the causes of things

Slides, notebooks, exercises

Slides for multiple regression video (PDF)

Slides for causality video (PDF)


Text and figures are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 4.0. The figures that have been reused from other sources don't fall under this license and can be recognized by a note in their caption: "Figure from ...".


For attribution, please cite this work as

Loftus (2021, Feb. 1). Neurath's Speedboat: Multiple regression and causality. Retrieved from

BibTeX citation

  author = {Loftus, Joshua},
  title = {Neurath's Speedboat: Multiple regression and causality},
  url = {},
  year = {2021}